The Nile River

The Nile River

15 days/14 Nights

Price fromRequest

From April to September, the Nile River is now open for cruising all the way from Cairo to Aswan. This very special opportunity will introduce you to lesser visited pyramids and ancient temple complexes as well as experiencing unique riverside life with its myriad of sugar cane plantations, farms and villages.

Day 1: Arrive Cairo Transfer to your superior class cruiser moored on the Nile.

Day 2: Cairo Visit the Pyramids, Sphinx and Cairo Museum. Captains Cocktails this evening.

Cheops - The Great Pyramid of Khufu (Cheops) is the most famous Pyramid in Egypt. One of the "Seven Wonders Of The World", it is the only 'Wonder' still remaining. Its four sides face the four cardinal points precisely and it has an angle of 52 degrees.

Chefren - Khafre's (Chefren) Pyramid, is recognisable by the layers of casing stones at its summit and this, along with the fact that it stands on a higher part of the plateau, gives the impression that it is taller than the Great Pyramid.

Mycenae - Khafre's son, Menkaure (Mycenae), built the smallest of the 3 main Pyramids on the Giza Plateau.

The Great Sphinx, has to be one of the most easily recognised structures in the world. Think of the Sphinx and you think of Egypt. Sculpted from soft sandstone, it is likely it would have disappeared had it not been buried in the sand for so much of its life. It faces the rising sun, and was revered so much a temple was built in front of it.

Day 3: Cairo > Beni Suef Farewell Cairo this morning and set sail upstream along the Nile. Enjoy a full day relaxing on board today, watching the Egyptian farmland and Sugar cane plantations as you pass gently by.

Day 4: Fayoum Visit the Maydom Pyramid the initial true pyramid and Hawera Pyramid known as the labyrinth.

King Sneferu, the father of Khufu, built the initial true pyramids, developing the new technique during construction. The earliest true pyramid, at the town of Maydom, began as a step pyramid with inward-leaning walls and eight levels. After working on the structure for 14 years, Sneferu moved his burial ground north to Dashur for unknown reasons, and construction began on another pyramid. This one, too, was made of stone blocks that leaned inward. The architects had designed it with an angle of 60 degrees (to the ground), but as the pyramid rose, it started to sink because of the weight and angle of the stones. To solve this problem, the builders put up an outer supporting wall, giving the half-finished pyramid a shallower angle of 55 degrees. After this, the architects finished the upper portion of the pyramid off with a slope of only 43 degrees. This shift in angle from 55 to 43 degrees gives this pyramid its name-the Bent Pyramid.

Known also as the Labyrinth, the Pyramid of Hawara (built by Amenemhet III) was the most visited sites of the ancient World. Herodotus claimed to have counted three thousand rooms in the pyramids funeral complex.

Day 5: Minya > Tuna el Gebel Sail to Minya to visit Tuna el Gebel and Ashmunein.

Travel to Tuna el Gebel to visit the Tomb of Petosiris, Isadora and the sacred catacombs of Thoth. A visit the open air museum of Ashmunein, the Temple of Thoth and the Sanctuary of Amun rounds off this fascinating day.

Day 6: Tel El Armana > Beni Hassan Drive to the Royal city of Akhenaton this morning before continuing to the Beni Hassan tombs.

To break free of the clutches of the priests and temples of Thebes, Akhenaten ordered a new city to be built in the desert. He named his city 'Akhetaten', the horizon to the Aten.

The construction was completed quickly at the pharoah's orders and without the usual massive stone block support given to so many other structures in Egypt plus the city was abandoned shortly after the death of Akhenaten when the Theban order was restored.

Visit the Tombs of Beni Hassan including the tombs of Baqet, Khety, Amenemhet and Khnumhotep II.

Day 7: Asyut Sail all day today towards Asyut.

Day 8: Sohag > Abydos Sailing today. Visit the Temple of Abydos and the cult centre of Osiris. Black and White party tonight.

Abydos spreads over 5 square miles and contains archaeological remains from all periods of ancient Egyptian history. It was significant in historical times as the main cult centre of Osiris, the lord of the netherworld. At the mouth of the canyon at Abydos, which the Egyptians believed to be the entrance to the underworld, one of the tombs of the 1st dynasty kings was mistaken for the tomb of Osiris, a thousand years later, and pilgrims would leave offerings to the god for another thousand years. The area is thus now called Umm el Qa'ab, "Mother of Pots."

Day 9: Abydos > Naga Hammadi Set sail this morning and pass two locks as you continue your sail upstream towards Qena.

Day 10: Dendara > Luxor See the stunning Temple of Hathor.

The main temple at Dendera is possibly the most grand and elaborate of its time. It is also one of the most important temple sites in the country with a variety of features and in wonderful condition despite the destruction of the temples of Hathor's consort and child which stood close by.

Sail to Luxor.

Day 11: Luxor Visit the Valley of Kings and the Funerary Temple of Hatchepsut.

Valley of the Kings - The Egyptian belief that "To speak the name of the dead is to make him live again" is certainly carried out in the building of the tombs. The king's names and titles are inscribed in his tomb along with images and statues.

Temple of Hatchepsut - The mortuary temple of Queen Hatchepsut is one of the most dramatically situated in the world. The queen's architect, Senenmut, set it at the head of a valley overshadowed by the Peak of the Thebes. A tree lined avenue of sphinxes led up to the temple, and ramps lead from terrace to terrace.

Day 12: Luxor > Esna Visit the Temple of Karnak and the Temple of Luxor.

Karnak - No site in Egypt is more impressive. It is the largest temple complex ever built by man, and represents the combined achievement of many generations of craftsmen.

Luxor - The Temple of Luxor was the centre of the important festival of Opet. Built by Amenhotep III and Ramses II, the temple's main purpose was as a suitable setting for the rituals of the festival.

Sail to Esna.

Day 13: Edfu > Kom Ombo > Aswan See the Temple of Horus and the Temple of Kom Ombo.

Edfu - The Temple of Horus is considered to be the best preserved cult temple in Egypt. The town was the capital of the second nome (Horus) of Upper Egypt.

Kom Ombo - a unique and unusual temple dedicated to two gods - Horus and Sobek. There is a Nileometre close the the edge of hte river and an anteroom containing mummified crocodiles to be seen here.

Sail to Aswan.

Day 14: Aswan See the High Dam, Philae Temple and Nubian Museum.

Philae Temple - Philae was dismantled and reassembled (on Agilika Island about 550 metres from its original home on Philae Island) in the wake of the High Dam. The temple, dedicated to the goddess Isis, is in a beautiful setting which has been landscaped to match its original site.

Day 15: Aswan Optional Abu Simbel, Check out.

• Independent tour with English speaking guide • Accommodation on board 4-5 star cruise including sightseeing as indicated • Entrance fees • Meet and greet on arrival • 14 breakfasts, 14 lunches and 14 dinners on board cruise

Pricing (per person) $AUD

Type

Please enquire for 2017 pricing

Departs

Please note some of the more remote temples and other sites are located some distance from the ship and sightseeing transfers can take some time. Please contact World Journeys for more details.

Sightseeing services will be provided on a group basis with other English speakers on board. If you wish to have a private guide, a supplement will apply.

Prices based on a standard main deck cabin. Upper deck and suites are available at a supplement.

This itinerary can be shortened with disembarkation in Luxor if you prefer. Cruise will operate in reverse direction on various dates. Please contact World Journeys for details.

Not included

Drinks, gratuities, items of a personal nature, domestic flights within Egypt or other services not mentioned.